Due to regulatory changes, the content of the following Patient Information Leaflet may vary from the one found in your medicine pack. Please compare the 'Leaflet prepared/revised date' towards the end of the leaflet to establish if there have been any changes.
If you have any doubts or queries about your medication, please contact your doctor or pharmacist.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE PROGYNOVA
Medical history and regular check-ups
The use of HRT carries risks which need to be considered when deciding whether to start taking it, or whether to carry on taking it.
The experience in treating women with a premature menopause (due to ovarian failure or surgery) is limited. If you have a premature menopause the risks of using HRT may be different. Please talk to your doctor.
Before you start (or restart) HRT, your doctor will ask about your own and your family’s medical history. Your doctor may decide to perform a physical examination. This may include an examination of your breasts and/or an internal examination, if necessary.
Once you have started on Progynova, you should see your doctor for regular check-ups (at least once a year). At these check-ups, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of continuing to take Progynova.
Be sure to:
go for regular breast screening and cervical smear tests, as recommended by your doctor.
regularly check your breasts for any changes such as dimpling of the skin, changes in the nipple, or any lumps you can see or feel.
Do not take Progynova:
If any of the following applies to you. If you are not sure about any of the points below, talk to your doctor before taking Progynova,
Do not take Progynova
- If you have or have ever had breast cancer, or if you are suspected of having it
- If you have cancer which is sensitive to oestrogens, such as cancer of the womb lining (endometrium) or if you are suspected of having it
- If you have any unexplained vaginal bleeding
- If you have excessive thickening of the womb lining (endometrial hyperplasia) that is not being treated
- If you have or have ever had a blood clot in a vein (thrombosis) such as in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or the lungs (pulmonary embolism)
- If you have a blood clotting disorder (such as protein C, protein S, or antithrombin deficiency)
- If you have or recently have had a disease caused by blood clots in the arteries, such as a heart attack, stroke or angina
- If you have or have ever had a liver disease, and your liver function tests have not returned to normal
- If you have a rare blood problem called “porphyria” which is passed down in families (inherited)
- If you are allergic to estradiol valerate or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
- If you have been told to avoid lactose, that you have a rare hereditary condition called Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
- If you have any reason to believe that you either are, or may be, pregnant, or if you are producing milk (lactating) and breast-feeding. (See also the 'Pregnancy and breast-feeding' section of this leaflet)
- If any of the above conditions appear for the first time while taking Progynova, stop taking it at once and consult your doctor immediately.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Progynova
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any of the following problems, before you start the treatment, as these may return or become worse during treatment with Progynova. If so, you should see your doctor more often for check-ups:
- fibroids inside your womb
- growth of womb lining outside your womb (endometriosis) or a history of excessive growth of the womb lining (endometrial hyperplasia)
- increased risk of developing blood clots (see "Blood clots in a vein (thrombosis")
- increased risk of getting an oestrogen-sensitive cancer (such as mother, sister or grandmother who has had breast cancer)
- high blood pressure
- a liver disorder, such as a benign liver tumour
- migraine or severe headaches
- a disease of the immune system that affects many organs of the body (systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE)
- a disease affecting the eardrum and hearing (otosclerosis)
- a very high level of fat in your blood (triglycerides)
- fluid retention due to cardiac or kidney problems
Stop taking Progynova and see a doctor immediately
If you notice any of the following when taking HRT:
- any of the conditions mentioned in the ‘DO NOT take Progynova’ section
- yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes (jaundice). These may be signs of a liver disease
- a large rise in your blood pressure (symptoms may be headache, tiredness, dizziness).
- migraine-like headaches which happen for the first time.
- if you become pregnant
- if you notice signs of a blood clot, such as:
for more information, see ‘Blood clots in a vein (thrombosis)’
- painful swelling and redness of the legs
- sudden chest pain
- difficulty in breathing
Note: Progynova is not a contraceptive. If it is less than 12 months since your last menstrual period or you are under 50 years old, you may still need to use additional contraception to prevent pregnancy. Speak to your doctor for advice.
HRT and cancer
Excessive thickening of the lining of the womb (endometrial hyperplasia) and cancer of the lining of the womb (endometrial cancer)
Taking oestrogen-only HRT will increase the risk of excessive thickening of the lining of the womb (endometrial hyperplasia) and cancer of the womb lining (endometrial cancer).
Taking a progestogen in addition to the oestrogen for at least 12 days of each 28 day cycle protects you from this extra risk.
If you still have your womb, your doctor will prescribe a progestogen separately.
If you have had your womb removed (a hysterectomy), discuss with your doctor whether you can safely take this product without a progestogen.
If you've had your womb removed because of endometriosis, any endometrium left in your body may be at risk. So your doctor may prescribe HRT that includes a progestogen as well as an oestrogen.
In women who still have a womb and who are not taking HRT, on average, 5 in 1000 will be diagnosed with endometrial cancer between the ages of 50 and 65.
For women, aged 50 to 65, who still have a womb and who take oestrogen-only HRT, between 10 and 60 women in 1000 will be diagnosed with endometrial cancer (i.e. between 5 and 55 extra cases), depending on the dose and how long it is taken.
Evidence suggests that taking combined oestrogen-progestogen and possibly also oestrogen-only HRT increases the risk of breast cancer. The extra risk depends on how long you take HRT. The additional risk becomes clear within a few years. However, it returns to normal within a few years (at most 5) after stopping treatment.
For women who have had their womb removed and who are using oestrogen-only HRT for 5 years, little or no increase in breast cancer risk is shown.
Your risk of breast cancer is also higher:
- if you have a close relative (mother, sister or grandmother) who has had breast cancer
- if you are seriously overweight
Women aged 50 to 79 who are not taking HRT, on average, 9 to 14 in 1000 will be diagnosed with breast cancer over a 5-year period. For women aged 50 to 79 who are taking oestrogen-progestogen HRT over 5 years, there will be 13 to 20 cases in 1000 users (i.e. an extra 4 to 6 cases).
Regularly check your breasts. See your doctor if you notice any changes in your breast such as:
- dimpling of the skin
- changes in the nipple
- any lumps you can see or feel
Additionally, you are advised to join mammography screening programs when offered to you. For mammogram screening, it is important that you inform the nurse/healthcare professional who is actually taking the x-ray that you use HRT, as this medication may increase the density of your breasts which may affect the outcome of the mammogram. Where the density of the breast is increased, mammography may not detect all lumps.Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer (cancer of the ovaries) is rare. It can be difficult to diagnose because there are often no obvious signs of the disease. A slightly increased risk of ovarian cancer has been reported in women taking HRT for at least 5 to 10 years.
Women aged 50 to 69 who are not taking HRT, on average about 2 women in 1000 will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer over a 5-year period. For women who have been taking HRT for 5 years, there will be between 2 and 3 cases per 1000 users (i.e. up to 1 extra case).
Effects of HRT on heart or circulation
Blood clots in a vein (thrombosis)
The risk of blood clots in the veins (also called deep vein thrombosis, or DVT) is about 1.3 to 3–times higher in HRT users than non-users, especially during the first year of taking it.
Blood clots can be serious, and if one travels to the lungs, it can cause chest pain, breathlessness, fainting or even death. This condition is called pulmonary embolism, or PE.
DVT and PE are examples of a condition called venous thromboembolism, or VTE.
You are more likely to get a blood clot in your veins as you get older and if any of the following applies to you. Inform your doctor if any of these situations apply to you:
- you are unable to walk for a long time because of major surgery, injury or illness (see also section 3, “If you need to have surgery”)
- you are seriously overweight (BMI >30 kg/m2)
- you have any blood clotting problem that needs long-term treatment with a medicine used to prevent blood clots
- any of your close relatives has ever had a blood clot in the leg, lung or any other organ
- you have had one or more miscarriages
- you have systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
- you have cancer
For signs of a blood clot, see “Stop taking Progynova and see a doctor immediately”.
Looking at women in their 50s who are not taking HRT, on average, over a 5-year period, 4 to 7 in 1000 would be expected to get a blood clot in a vein.
For women in their 50s who are taking oestrogen-progestogen HRT, for over 5 years, there will be 9 – 12 cases in 1000 (i.e. an extra 5 cases).
For women in their 50s who have had their womb removed and have been taking oestrogen-only HRT for over 5 years, there will be 5 to 8 cases in 1000 users (i.e. 1 extra case).
Heart disease (heart attack)
There is no evidence that HRT will prevent a heart attack.
HRT is not recommended for women who have heart disease, or have had heart disease recently. If you have ever had heart disease, talk to your doctor to see if you should be taking HRT.
Women over the age of 60 years who use oestrogen-progestogen HRT are slightly more likely to develop heart disease than those not taking any HRT.
For women who have had their womb removed and are taking oestrogen-only therapy there is no increased risk of developing a heart disease.
If you get:
- a pain in your chest that spreads to your arm or neck
See a doctor as soon as possible and do not take any more HRT until your doctor says you can. This pain could be a sign of heart disease.
The risk of getting a stroke is about 1.5–times higher in HRT users than in non–users. The number of extra cases of stroke due to HRT use will increase with age.
Other things that can increase the risk of stroke include:
- high blood pressure
- drinking too much alcohol
- an irregular heartbeat
If you are worried about any of these things, or if you have had a stroke in the past, talk to your doctor to see if you should take HRT.
Looking at women in their 50s who are not taking HRT, on average, 8 in 1000 would be expected to have a stroke over a 5-year period. For women in their 50s who are taking HRT, there will be 11 cases in 1000 users, over 5 years (i.e. an extra 3 cases).
- HRT will not prevent memory loss. There is some evidence of a higher risk of memory loss in women who start using HRT after the age of 65. Speak to your doctor for advice.
- If you have heart or kidney problems, your doctor should examine you carefully as oestrogens may cause fluid retention resulting in swelling.
- If you have pre-existing elevated triglycerides (a type of blood fat) your doctor should monitor you closely during oestrogen replacement therapy or HRT. Rare cases of large increases of plasma triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia) leading to inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) have been reported with oestrogen replacement therapy.
- If you have a tendency to develop blotchy brown patches (chloasma) on the face you should avoid exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light whilst using Progynova.
- Your doctor will monitor you carefully if you have terminal kidney insufficiency as the blood levels of the active substances in Progynova will probably increase
Other medicines and Progynova
Some medicines may interfere with the effect of Progynova. This might lead to irregular bleeding. This applies to the following medicines:
- medicines for epilepsy (such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine)
- medicines for tuberculosis (such as rifampicin, rifabutin)
- medicines for HIV infection (such as nevirapine, efavirenz, ritonavir and nelfinavir)
- herbal remedies containing St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)
- Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
If you need a blood test, tell your doctor or the laboratory staff that you are taking Progynova, because this medicine can affect the results of some tests.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Progynova is for use in post-menopausal women only. Do not take if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
If you become pregnant, stop taking Progynova immediately and contact your doctor.
Driving and using machines
There is nothing to suggest that the use of Progynova affects driving or use of machines.
Progynova contains lactose monohydrate and sucrose
Progynova contains lactose and sucrose (types of sugar). If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
3. HOW TO TAKE PROGYNOVA
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The recommended dose is one tablet of Progynova 2 mg to be taken daily.
Use in children and adolescents
Progynova is not for use in adolescents or children.
Your doctor will aim to prescribe the lowest dose to treat your symptom for as short as necessary. Speak to your doctor if you think this dose is too strong or not strong enough.
About the pack
This pack is designed to help you remember to take your medicine. Each tablet is placed in a section marked with the day of the week on which it should be taken. The arrows between tablets show the order in which they must be taken. Your doctor may tell you when to start (see "when to start" for further information).
On the day you start, take your first tablet from the blue section of the pack (top row of tablets) marked with the correct day. For instance, if you start on a Tuesday, press out the tablet from the blister marked 'TUE'.
Take one tablet each day, following the directions of the arrows, until you have finished all 28 tablets in the memo strip. When you have finished each memo strip, start the next memo strip on the following day. Do not leave a break between memo strips. It is best to take your tablet at the same time each day. You can take Progynova with or without food. The tablet should be swallowed whole with a glass of water or milk.
Your doctor may prescribe the hormone progestogen in addition to Progynova for at least 12 - 14 days each month:
- if you still have your womb
- if you have a history of endometriosis
When to start
If you have been taking other HRT preparations: carry on until you have finished your current pack and have taken all the tablets for that month. Take your first Progynova tablet the next day. Do not leave a break between your old tablets and the Progynova tablets.
If this is your first HRT treatment and you are still having regular periods: start your Progynova tablets on the first day of bleeding
If this is your first HRT treatment and your periods have become very infrequent or have stopped completely: you can start your Progynova tablets at any time if you are sure you are not pregnant.
If you take more Progynova than you should
If you have taken too many Progynova tablets by mistake, you may feel sick, vomit or have some menstruation-like bleeding. No specific treatment is necessary but you should consult your doctor or pharmacist if you are worried.
If you forget to take Progynova
If you forget to take a tablet at your usual time and you are less than 12 hours late, take it as soon as possible. Take the next tablet at the usual time.
If you are more than 12 hours late, leave the forgotten tablet in the pack. Continue to take the rest of the tablets at the usual time every day. You may experience breakthrough bleeding.
If you stop taking Progynova
You may begin to feel the usual symptoms of menopause again, which may include hot flushes, trouble sleeping, nervousness, dizziness or vaginal dryness. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you want to stop taking Progynova tablets.
If you need to have surgery
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon that you are taking Progynova. You may need to stop taking Progynova about 4 to 6 weeks before the operation to reduce the risk of a blood clot (see section 2, “Blood clots in a vein (thrombosis)”). Ask your doctor when you can start taking Progynova again.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.