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The product code for this leaflet is: PL00010/0548

 

Noristerat

Company Details

Bayer plc


Bayer HouseStrawberry HillNewburyBerkshireRG14 1JA
Telephone:
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Due to regulatory changes, the content of the following Patient Information Leaflet may vary from the one found in your medicine pack. Please compare the 'Leaflet prepared/revised date' towards the end of the leaflet to establish if there have been any changes.

If you have any doubts or queries about your medication, please contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Noristerat®

Norethisterone enantate

Three important things to know about this medicine.

  • It will not protect you against sexually transmitted diseases.
  • This medicine can increase your risk of problems such as blood clots
  • Some women should not use this medicine because of current medical problems or illnesses. Please read this leaflet to make sure Noristerat is right for you.

This leaflet gives you some important information about your medicine

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any questions or need more advice, ask your doctor, family planning nurse or pharmacist.
  • Noristerat is given by injection for contraception
  • If any of the side effects gets severe, or if you notice any not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor, family planning nurse or pharmacist.

In this leaflet:

1. What Noristerat does
2. Make sure Noristerat is OK for you
3. Starting Noristerat
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Noristerat
6. What is in Noristerat and who makes it

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1. What Noristerat does

Noristerat is an injectable (depot) contraceptive. It is intended as a short-term method of contraception, for example in women whose partners are undergoing vasectomy, until the vasectomy is effective. It is also for use in women immunised against rubella, to prevent pregnancy while the virus is active.

You use it to stop you getting pregnant.

Noristerat contains a type of female sex hormone, called a progestogen.

This hormone stops you getting pregnant by working in three ways: by preventing an egg being released from your ovaries; by making the fluid (mucus) in your cervix thicker, which makes it more difficult for sperm to enter the womb; and by preventing the lining of your womb thickening enough for an egg to grow in it.

The benefits of using Noristerat include:

  • it is one of the most reliable reversible methods of contraception if used correctly
  • you only have to remember to visit your doctor after 8 weeks for a second injection
  • it doesn’t interrupt sex

Noristerat will not protect you against sexually transmitted infections, such as Chlamydia or HIV. Only condoms can help to do this.

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2. Make sure Noristerat is OK for you

It’s important that you understand the benefits and risks of using Noristerat before you are given it, or when deciding whether to have a second injection. Although Noristerat is suitable for most healthy women it isn’t suitable for everyone.

  • Tell your doctor if you have any of the illnesses or risk factors mentioned in this leaflet.

Before you are given Noristerat

  • Your doctor will ask about you and your family’s medical problems, check your blood pressure and exclude the likelihood of you being pregnant. You may also need other checks, such as a breast examination, but only if these examinations are necessary for you, or if you have any special concerns.

While you’re on Noristerat

  • Check your breasts and nipples every month for changes – tell your doctor if you can see or feel anything odd, such as lumps or dimpling of the skin.
  • If you need a blood test tell your doctor that you are using Noristerat, because it can affect the results of some tests.
  • If you’re going to have an operation, make sure your doctor knows about it. You may need to avoid having a second injection of Noristerat before the operation. This is to reduce the risk of a blood clot (see section 2.1).

2.1 Noristerat and blood clots

Noristerat may slightly increase your risk of having a blood clot (called a thrombosis), especially in the first year of using it.

A clot in a leg vein – a deep vein thrombosis (or DVT) – is not always serious. However, if it moves up the veins and blocks an artery in the lungs, it can cause chest pain, breathlessness, collapse or even death. This is called a pulmonary embolism and is very rare.

Very rarely, blood clots can also form in the blood vessels of the heart (causing a heart attack) or the brain (causing a stroke). In healthy young women the chance of having a heart attack or stroke is extremely small.

You are more at risk of having a blood clot:

  • as you get older
  • if you smoke
  • if you are seriously overweight
  • if you have some diseases of the heart and blood vessels
  • if you suffer from migraines
  • if you have recently had a baby
  • if you’re off your feet for a long time because of major surgery, injury or illness
  • Tell your doctor if any of these risk factors apply to you. Noristerat may not be suitable for you.

Signs of a blood clot include:

  • a migraine for the first time, a migraine that is worse than normal or unusually frequent or severe headaches
  • any sudden changes to your eyesight (such as loss of vision or blurred vision)
  • any sudden changes to your hearing, speech, sense of smell, taste or touch
  • pain or swelling in your leg
  • stabbing pain when you breathe
  • coughing for no apparent reason
  • pain and tightness in the chest
  • sudden weakness or numbness in one side or part of your body
  • dizziness or fainting.
  • See a doctor as soon as possible. Do not have a further injection until your doctor says you can. Use another method of contraception, such as condoms, in the meantime.

2.2 Noristerat and cancer

Noristerat has also been linked to liver diseases, such as jaundice and non-cancer liver tumours, but this is rare. Very rarely, Noristerat has also been linked with some forms of liver cancer in women who have used it for a long time.

  • See a doctor as soon as possible if you get severe pain in your stomach, or yellow skin or eyes (jaundice). You may need to stop using Noristerat .

2.3 Noristerat should not be used by some women

  • Tell your doctor or family planning nurse if you have any medical problems or illnesses.

Do not use Noristerat if you have any of the problems listed below. Using Noristerat would put your health at risk.

  • If you are pregnant or might be pregnant
  • If you have ever had a problem with your blood circulation. This includes a blood clot (thrombosis) in the legs (deep vein thrombosis), lungs (pulmonary embolism), heart (heart attack), brain (stroke) or any other parts of the body
  • If you have or have ever had severe liver disease, and you have been told by your doctor that your liver function test results are not yet back to normal
  • If you have or have ever had liver tumours
  • If you have severe diabetes affecting your blood vessels
  • If you have very high blood pressure
  • If you have disorders of blood fat (lipid) metabolism
  • If you have or suspect you have cancer affected by sex hormones – such as some cancers of the breast or womb lining or have ever had either of these conditions
  • If you have an inherited disease called porphyria
  • If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to any of the ingredients in Noristerat.
  • If you suffer from any of these, or get them for the first time while using Noristerat, contact your doctor as soon as possible. It may not be suitable for you to have a second injection of Noristerat.

2.4 Noristerat can make some illnesses worse

Some of the conditions listed below can be made worse by using Noristerat. Or they may mean it is less suitable for you. You may still be able to be given Noristerat but you need to take special care.

  • If you have had severe depression
  • If you have ever had liver problems, e.g. jaundice (yellow skin or eyes)
  • If you have any disease that tends to get worse during pregnancy
  • If you have an irregular menstrual pattern together with stomach pains
  • If you have abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • If you have diabetes
  • If you have ever had an ectopic pregnancy or fallopian tube removed.
  • Tell your doctor or family planning nurse if any apply to you. Also tell them if you get any of these for the first time after being given Noristerat, or if any get worse or come back, because it may not be suitable for you to have a second injection of Noristerat.

2.5 Taking other medicines

If you ever need to take another medicine at the same time, always tell your doctor, pharmacist or dentist that you’ve been given Noristerat. Also check the leaflets that come with all your medicines to see if they can be taken with hormonal contraceptives.

Some medicines can stop Noristerat from working properly – for example:

  • certain sedatives (called barbiturates)
  • some medicines used to treat epilepsy
  • griseofulvin (an anti-fungal medicine)
  • phenylbutazone (an anti-inflammatory medicine)
  • certain antibiotics
  • St. John’s Wort (a herbal remedy).

If you do need to take one of these medicines, you may need to use extra contraception for a while. Your doctor, pharmacist or dentist can tell you if this is necessary and for how long.

Noristerat can also affect how well other medicines work. For example, if you have diabetes, you may need to take more insulin or other anti-diabetic drugs after being given Noristerat. Your doctor will tell you if this is necessary.

2.6 Using Noristerat with food and drink

There are no special instructions about food and drink while on Noristerat

2.7 Pregnancy and breast-feeding

You should not be given Noristerat if you are pregnant. If you think you might be pregnant, do a pregnancy test to confirm that you are and do not have your second injection.

Noristerat has not been shown to reduce the amount of milk you produce which is an advantage if you wish to breastfeed your baby. Very small amounts of the hormone are found in breast milk. There is no evidence to suggest that the small amounts of the hormone that appear in the milk are harmful to a healthy baby. However, if your baby has severe or long-lasting jaundice that requires medical treatment you should not breast-feed your baby after having your injection.

2.8 Driving and using machines

Noristerat has no known effect on the ability to drive or use machines.

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3. Starting Noristerat

3.1 How to start

Your doctor or family planning clinic will give you the first injection of Noristerat within the first five days of your period (unless you start just after a pregnancy or an abortion). The injection is given into the muscle.

By starting in this way you will have contraceptive protection at once.

3.2 Further injections of Noristerat

One injection will give you contraception for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks a second injection can be given. You must make sure that you leave no longer than 8 weeks between injections or contraceptive protection will be lost.

3.3 Starting Noristerat after having a baby

Noristerat can normally be used straight after having a baby. Your doctor will advise you on when to start.

3.4 Starting Noristerat after having a miscarriage or an abortion

You may be able to have an injection immediately. Your doctor will advise you.

3.5 Missed a period – could you be pregnant?

If, when the second injection is due, you have not had a further period since the first injection, it is unlikely that you are pregnant, but the second injection should not be given until pregnancy has been ruled out.

3.6 Being given more Noristerat than you should

Overdosage is unlikely but if it does occur no serious ill-effects are expected.

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4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, Noristerat can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

  • Tell your doctor, pharmacist or family planning nurse if you are worried about any side effects which you think may be due to Noristerat.

4.1 Serious side effects – see a doctor straight away

Signs of a blood clot:

  • a migraine for the first time, a migraine that is worse than normal or unusually frequent or severe headaches
  • any sudden changes to your eyesight (such as loss of vision or blurred vision)
  • any sudden changes to your hearing, speech, sense of smell, taste or touch
  • pain or swelling in your leg
  • stabbing pain when you breathe
  • coughing for no apparent reason
  • pain and tightness in the chest
  • sudden weakness or numbness in one side or part of your body
  • dizziness or fainting.

Signs of a severe allergic reaction to Noristerat:

  • swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat.

Signs of severe liver problems include:

  • severe pain in your upper abdomen
  • yellow skin or eyes (jaundice)
  • inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
  • your whole body starts itching.
  • If you think you may have any of these, see a doctor straight away. You may need to stop using Noristerat.

4.2 Less serious side effects

  • irregular bleeding
  • bloating
  • tender breasts
  • headaches
  • depressive moods
  • dizziness
  • feeling sick
  • putting on weight
  • skin reactions (e.g. pain or itchy rash) at the injection site
  • rarely coughing for no apparent reason, shortness of breath and disturbances of the circulatory system may develop while you are having your injection, or immediately after.
  • Tell your doctor or family planning nurse if you are worried about any side effects which you think may be due to Noristerat. Also tell them if any existing conditions get worse while you are using Noristerat.
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5. How to store Noristerat

Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.

Store below 25°C. Protect from light.

Noristerat should not be used after the expiry date shown on the packaging.

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6. What is in Noristerat and who makes it

What is in Noristerat

Each ampoule of Noristerat contains 200mg of the progestogen norethisterone enantate in 1ml of oily solution for injection into a muscle.

Noristerat also contains the inactive ingredients:

benzyl benzoate (which may increase the risk of jaundice in newborn babies), castor oil for injection.

Noristerat is supplied in single packs of 1 ampoule.

The company that holds the product licence for Noristerat is:

Bayer plc
Bayer House
Strawberry Hill
Newbury
Berkshire
RG14 1JA

Noristerat is made by:

Bayer Pharma AG
Berlin
Germany
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This leaflet was last updated in April 2013.

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